RESTORE researcher Dolly Jørgensen has published “Ecological restoration in the Convention on Biological Diversity targets” in Biodiversity and Conservation (2013) DOI: 10.1007/s10531-013-0550-0. The article is on early view via Springer. The unformatted final text is also available without a subscription.
Abstract: Ecological restoration has been incorporated into several Multilateral Environmental Agreements, including the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Target 15 of the Aichi Targets for 2020 sets a numerical goal of restoration of 15 percent of degraded ecosystems; however, the CBD has not established a clear statement defining restoration within this context. Without such a definition, the CBD will be unable to measure progress against the goal. The adopted definition of ecological restoration would have to allow for measurement against the numerical target, or the target should be modified to match the chosen definition.
September 2, 2013 No Comments
Eliza Hasselquist, a PhD student on the RESTORE project in the Umeå University Landscape Ecology group, is visiting the Cornell University Stable Isotope Laboratory during May 2013.
Here’s what Eliza has to say about why she is spending time at COIL:
During my first field season in 2011, I focused on describing how riparian plant communities developed during the time-since-restoration. I am now interested in determining why there are differences by evaluating the underlying processes that are responsible. In 2012, I collected soil, leaf, and fine root samples of a perennial forb, Filipendula ulmaria or “meadowsweet”, common to riparian zones in Northern Sweden to ask questions about the ecosystem processes of the restored streams. I’m working at the Cornell University Stable Isotope Laboratory (COIL) with Associate Professor Jed Sparks to analyze these samples for stable isotopes of δ15N to determine if N cycling in riparian zones changes with time-since-restoration. These results will help me better understand the effects of river restoration on N cycling.
The grant that made this opportunity possible is NSF award #1137336, Inter-university Training in Continental-scale Ecology.
May 20, 2013 No Comments
RESTORE project leader Christer Nilsson is one of the co-editors of a special feature on Ecological Restoration in the Northern Regions in the journal Ecology and Society. The special feature includes two contributions by RESTORE team members that are now available online:
Jørgensen, D. and B. Malm Renöfält. 2012. Damned If You Do, Dammed If You Don’t: Debates on Dam Removal in the Swedish Media. Ecology and Society 18(1): 18. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol18/iss1/art18/
Baker, S., and K. Eckerberg. 2013. A policy analysis perspective on ecological restoration. Ecology and Society 18(2): 17. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol18/iss2/art17/
May 17, 2013 No Comments
The RESTORE team had a productive and enjoyable 3 day meeting in Uppsala, 6-8 May 2013. The Umeå team members were joined by international guests, Rebecca Lave (USA), Þórunn Pétursdóttir (Iceland), and David Finger (Switzerland), and a guest from Umeå University, Lovisa Lind.
The scientific program focused on oral presentations given by the team members and guests about their own research. The presentations covered a wide range of topics included in the RESTORE project: river restoration challenges (Lina Polvi, Eliza Hasselquist, Lovisa Lind, and Rebecca Lave); forestry restoration practices and policy (Joakim Hjältén, Anouschka Hof, David Bell, and Katarina Eckerberg); soil conservation (Þórunn Pétursdóttir); and restoration policy formulation and implementation (Anna Zachrisson, Christer Nilsson, Anders Steinwall, and Dolly Jørgensen).
The meeting included a full day excursion to see restoration efforts connected with the white-backed woodpecker conservation program. We were led during the site visits by Kristoffer Stighall of Naturskyddsförening, who has worked with restoration of white-backed woodpecker habitat and bird releases for many years. We were also joined by stakeholder representatives Pär-Ole Borgestig from Länsstyrelsen i Uppsala län and Samuel Ståhl from the forestry company Stora Enso.
The restoration program in the Båtfors Nature Reserve includes selective cutting of evergreens to make space for deciduous trees, the creation of dead wood to increase food sources for beetles that are woodpecker prey, selective burning to open up the landscape and provide high standing deadwood for nests, and captive-bred juvenile bird releases. Our researchers working specifically on the white-backed woodpecker restoration, David Bell and Anouschka Hof, presented some of their preliminary results during our stop at Söderfors Herrgård between visits to different restoration sites in the area.
On the final day of the meeting, we also had the chance to visit the Linnaeus Museum and Gardens in Uppsala, in many ways the home of our modern taxonomic system, for a group tour and enjoy the fine spring weather.
May 16, 2013 No Comments
Dr. Marleen Buizer will be giving a seminar at the Umeå political science department on Thursday 16 May 13.15-15 titled Carbon Politics and the Quandaries of Ecological Restoration in Western Australia. It will be held in Samvetet, 5th floor in the Social Science Building.
Dr. Buizer is postdoctoral research fellow at the Centre of Excellence for Climate Change, Woodlands and Forest Health at Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia. She is particularly interested in environmental governance at various scales and societal initiatives in environmental action.
May 5, 2013 No Comments
Anna Zachrisson and Katarina Eckerberg will contribute to the upcoming conference “Hydrology days – water in the forest, from academy to practice” (Hydrologidagarna) held at the Swedish University of Agricultural Science, Umeå, 20 March 2013.
Anna will present her research on ecological restoration as water collaboration (Vattensamarbete: Ekologisk restaurering i policy och praktik) and Katarina will convey the special session on forest-water cooperation.
February 18, 2013 No Comments
Another new article produced within the framework of RESTORE has been published:
Jørgensen, D. and B. Malm Renöfält. 2012. Damned If You Do, Dammed If You Don’t: Debates on Dam Removal in the Swedish Media. Ecology and Society 18 (1): 18. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol18/iss1/art18/
The article examines the ways in which proponents and opponents of dam removal frame the services provided by two contrasting ecosystems, i.e., an existing dam and the potential stream without a dam, by performing a media discourse analysis of the reasons given for removal and the reasons presented for the dam to remain in place. The source material includes Internet-based newspaper articles and their associated public comments in four dam removal controversies in Sweden. The analysis indicates that public opposition is not based on knowledge deficiency, where more information will lead to better ecological decision-making, as is sometimes argued in dam removal science; it is instead a case of different understandings and valuation of the environment and the functions it provides.
The article is part of a special feature “Ecological Restoration in Northern Regions” co-edited by RESTORE member Christer Nilsson.
February 15, 2013 No Comments
Dolly Jørgensen has published “Pigs and Pollards: Medieval Insights for UK Wood Pasture Restoration” in the journal Sustainability as part of a special feature on Terrestrial Ecosystem Restoration. This work brings together her current work on contemporary restoration policy and practice with her previous research on medieval forestry management.
February 1, 2013 No Comments
RESTORE team members had the opportunity to meet Nancy Langston, the 2012-13 King Carl XVI Gustaf Professor in Environmental Science, at the Fall 2012 team meeting. Nancy discussed her project on responses to deforestation and the collapse of fisheries due to the connections between forests and water in North America’s Lake Superior watershed over the last 150 years, including restoration activities.
November 28, 2012 No Comments
RESTORE was well represented at the EcoSummit conference in Columbus, Ohio (USA) in October 2012. Paper presentations by RESTORE team members included:
- Sara Borgström, Anna Zachrisson, and Katarina Eckerberg, “Ecological restoration – present priorities in Sweden”
- Terry Chapin, “Invitation to dialog: Earth stewardship and the Ecological Society of America” and “Resilience of Alaska’s boreal forest as a socio-ecological system”
- Katarina Eckerberg and Susan Baker, “A policy analysis perspective on ecological restoration”
- Margaret Palmer,”The slippery slope of a paradigm shift: restoring ecosystems vs. restoring ecosystem services” and “The state of knowledge on restoration of ecosystem services in running-waters”
October 18, 2012 No Comments